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How to reduce hair fall



How do I prevent hair fall? How do I decide If I am having an abnormal or a normal fall? Our lifestyles, overuse of styling products are all a culprit here. But do you know that a small amount of hair fall daily is normal too? 

Your hair goes through a natural growth cycle consisting of four phases. Anagen is the first phase, and it can last anywhere from two to seven years. This is the growth phase. Here, the hair follicle adds new material to the hair shaft continuously and the hair strand keeps growing. Catagen is the second phase that can last for two to four weeks. This is a transitional phase where the hair follicle stops generating new hair strands after initially slowing down. The third phase telogen lasts for up to four months. In this phase, all growth activity has inhibited and this is like a resting phase. The last stage is known as exogen. In this stage, the hair is shed. As this cycle follows the hair grows and subsequently falls off. 

At any point in time about 5%-10% of the hair follicle are in the telogen or the resting phase and it is normal to lose about 50-100 strands of hair every day. If you lose more than 150 strands of hair every day, then you can consider it as abnormal hair loss and must address the issue.

What are the Causes of Hair Fall?

The answer lies in the causes. Hair loss could be occurring due to a variety of physiological reasons ranging from nutrition to stress to hereditary and other physical and medical events during the lifetime. You must remember that abnormal hair loss could also be a symptom of an underlying medical condition or disorder and thus any abnormal hair loss must be diagnosed and addressed. 

  • Nutritional imbalance
  • For good hair growth, the body needs essential nutrients such as vitamins A, B, C, D and minerals such as iron, zinc, selenium as well as proteins. Nutritional imbalance due to improper diet or vitamin D deficiency due to inadequate exposure to sunlight could be causing hair loss. A well-balanced diet can help us know how to reduce hair fall.

  • Hormonal Imbalance
  • Women can have hormonal imbalance once they are over 30 years of age. These developments can lead to hair loss. Childbirth or menopause may also lead to hair loss due to the same reasons.

  • Thyroid imbalance
  • Thyroid imbalance due to over secretion (hyperthyroidism) or under secretion (hypothyroidism) impacts the hair growth cycle and may lead to hair loss. Such conditions are characterized by other symptoms such as weight gain or loss, heat and cold sensitivity, and changes in heart rate.

  • Age
  • As you age, the hair growth slows down and the strands become smaller. The hair starts to become thinner and grey. To maintain the natural health of the hair, whole foods and a balanced diet are more essential as you age.

  • Stress
  • Stress is a common phenomenon nowadays. Stress also causes hair fall. If you’re looking for how to reduce hair fall, cut down stress through exercise, yoga, and meditation. 

  • PCOS
  • Women who have polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS suffer from a hormonal imbalance which causes the level of androgens in the body to rise. Such imbalance causes the hair on the scalp to become thinner. The condition is also characterized by weight gain, acne, and ovulation issues.

  • Medications
  • Medication for conditions such as cancer, arthritis, and high blood pressure can also cause hair fall. The impact, in this case, might be temporary or permanent. Hair loss can sometimes happen due to too much consumption of Vitamin A as well.

  • Contraceptive pills
  • Birth control pills have hormones that may be the reason behind hair loss. 

  • Pregnancy
  • Women experience postpartum hair loss which is post-pregnancy hair loss due to the hormonal changes in the body during pregnancy.

  • Hairstyling products
  • Overuse of styling tools and products causes the hair to become dry and frizzy. The toxic chemicals found in dyes and other styling products adversely affect the health of the hair as they corrode and damage the hair follicles. You are recommended to use natural shampoos and dyes on your hair. Excessive usage of styling tools such as flattening iron or curler may also be responsible for hair loss.

  • Genetics
  • Genetic hair loss is inherited from either of your parents’ side of the family.

  • Hair pulling disorder
  • Trichotillomania is a hair pulling psychological condition in which a person constantly has the urge to pull one’s hair. This can lead to substantial hair loss and cause bald patches.

  • Hair loss medical conditions
    • Telogen effluvium – in this condition shedding accelerates due to stress, illness, or hormones. Shedding happens all over the head but generally, there is regrowth in six months.
    • Androgenetic alopecia – common in women, the hair at the back is unaffected but the hair behind the hairline starts thinning, including the top and frontal area. This happens due to hormonal activities.
    • Alopecia areata – this is an autoimmune disorder and causes patches of hair loss. This condition can lead to total baldness.

    Home Remedies to Reduce Hair Fall 

    If you are wondering how to reduce hair fall naturally, you must know that our homes, especially kitchens are full of some very useful ingredients. Here we look at some of the home practices and remedies that can help when thinking about how to reduce hair fall at home.

  • Fenugreek or Methi
  • A fenugreek mask is an easy to make ayurvedic treatment for hair fall. Rich in protein and nicotinic acid, fenugreek helps in hair regrowth. One of the easiest remedies is to soak the seeds overnight and grind them into a paste in the morning. Apply this paste generously. Make sure to cover your hair and scalp completely. Keep it applied for about half an hour. If you feel the mask is getting dried, you can use a shower cap to keep it moist. Rinse with normal water and repeat twice every week for a month.

  • Onion Juice
  • Onion has a high concentration of sulphur that improves blood circulation and minimizes inflammation. The anti-bacterial properties help prevent scalp infections. Try the following home remedy once a week. Grind the onion and squeeze out the juice. Apply this solution to the scalp. After waiting for 30 minutes, wash normally using a mild shampoo. 

  • Egg Mask
  • Egg masks are a very effective hair fall treatment. Eggs are a source of phosphorous, sulphur, iodine, and zinc. They are also loaded with proteins. To one egg white add a tablespoon of olive oil and mix into a paste. Apply from the root to the tips. Keep for 20 minutes and wash off with a mild shampoo.

  • Coconut Milk
  • Coconut milk prevents hair loss. It can be easily prepared at home by grating coconut and simmering it in the pan for a few minutes. Strain after cooling to collect the coconut milk. Apply and leave the coconut milk to your scalp for 20 minutes. Rinse using a mild shampoo afterward.

  • Green tea
  • Helps in preventing hair loss. Soak two to three bags of green tea in a hot cup of water. After cooling, pour on your hair and scalp. Rinse with normal water after an hour.

  • Aloe Vera
  • How to stop hair fall and dandruff? Aloe vera moisturizes and reduces itching and flaking of the scalp. You can either use fresh pulp, or aloe vera gel and apply it to your hair. Also, apply the same thoroughly on the scalp. Rinse with normal water after leaving for 45 minutes. Repeat this every other day for the best results.

  • Amla
  • Amla or Indian Gooseberry is a very effective home remedy to stop hair loss. It is very rich in vitamin C and consuming it strengthens hair follicles. It also prevents premature greying. Mix lime juice and amla powder into a paste and massage it on your scalp and hair. Put on a shower cap to prevent drying. Rinse using normal water after half an hour.

    Now that we know how to reduce hair fall using home remedies it is important to mention that oil massage on the hair is the most important part of your hair care regime.

    Haircare Routine to Prevent Hair Fall 

    A good hair care routine is the essential answer to how to reduce hair loss. Let us look at the various steps of your haircare schedule and how to reduce hair fall by maximizing the benefit of each of these steps.

  • Shampoo
  • Use a shampoo that is not loaded with chemicals and go for options with natural ingredients. The frequency of weekly shampoo usage is driven by your hair type. Dry hair does not deserve over washing, while oily hair needs at least three washes per week. If you know how to reduce hair fall, you know how frequently to shampoo your hair.

  • Conditioner
  • Always use a conditioner after shampooing. It restores the moisture that shampooing strips away. Make sure to use a silicone-free conditioner in case you have oily hair.

  • Oiling
  • Oiling improves blood circulation. Oil your hair at least once a week as it also nourishes the roots. You can leave the oil for about two hours before shampooing.

  • Chemical Treatments
  • Chemical treatments such as straightening, perming, and colouring are harsh on the hair. These should be limited to a minimum. Also, the usage of blow dry and curling rods should be limited. The blow dryer when used should be at the lowest heat setting. If curling iron is necessary use a protective spray before curling. If you’re cutting these down you are a step closer to how to reduce hair fall.

  • Styling products
  • Avoid over usage of too many styling products and if possible use natural homemade remedies. If you’re thinking about how to avoid hair falls, be assured that the journey begins here.

    In addition to this be mindful of the below practices to maintain your hair health and prevent hair fall.

    • Take a balanced diet that is rich in nutrients, proteins, and minerals.
    • Exercise, yoga, and meditation are the simple answer to how to reduce hair fall due to stress.
    • Trim your hair after a gap of six to eight weeks. Get rid of those split ends and thus reducing hair fall.
    • Avoid taking hot showers as it dehydrates your hair and deprives it of its natural oils making it brittle and prone to breakage.
    • When combing wet hair, always use a wide-toothed comb.
    • Avoid wearing tight hairstyles and leave the hair untied while sleeping.

    Food That Promotes Hair Growth and Reduces Hair Loss

    If you are wondering how to reduce hair fall and increase hair growth, you might have got a few answers. However, the real secret lies in what you eat. Let’s see how to reduce hair fall by eating right.

  • Spinach
  • Iron deficiency causes hair fall. Spinach not just provides iron and proteins but is also rich in Vitamin A and C.

  • Carrots
  • Rich in Vitamin A, carrots are good for the eyes and the hair. carrots help in preventing an itchy scalp, improve hair thickness, improve blood circulation and prevent breakage of the hair.

  • Eggs
  • Rich in protein, they help rebuilding damaged hair.

  • Oats
  • Rich in fiber, zinc and iron, oats are also a source of omega-6 fatty acids and make the hair thick and healthy.

  • Walnuts
  • Walnuts contain biotin and vitamins B1, B6, B9, E and are also loaded with protein and magnesium. They nourish the scalp and strengthen the cuticles.

  • Lentils
  • They are a very good source of many nutrients and help in hair growth as well as in maintaining a healthy amount of red blood cells.

  • Chicken
  • Lean meats have high protein and strengthen the hair preventing breakage.

  • Fruits and Vegetables
  • Strawberries and guavas make your hair stronger and promote hair growth. Cabbage, cauliflower, and sweet potato are some other vegetables that help promote better hair health.

  • Yogurt
  • Vitamin B5 and D in yogurt promote hair follicle health.

    A good haircare schedule and a well-balanced diet are the complete solutions to how to prevent hair fall. We have also seen how to reduce hair fall naturally at home using home remedies that will take your hair health an extra mile and give you a chance to flaunt those locks! After all, you know now how to reduce hair fall.

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