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Minoxidil For Hair Growth: Benefits, Side Effects, Usage


What is Minoxidil?

Minoxidil is a medication that is primarily used to treat hair loss. It works by dilating the blood vessels in the scalp, which increases blood flow to the hair follicles. This improved blood flow can stimulate hair growth in individuals experiencing hair thinning or baldness. It can take several months of consistent use before results become noticeable, and the effects may vary from person to person.

Benefits of Minoxidil Solution

1. Hair Regrowth

Minoxidil solution is primarily known for its ability to promote hair regrowth. It is commonly used to treat androgenic alopecia (male and female pattern baldness) by stimulating hair follicles, extending the anagen (growth) phase of the hair cycle, and promoting the regrowth of thicker and fuller hair. This has made minoxidil a popular choice for individuals seeking to combat hair loss.

2. Easy Application

Minoxidil solution is available in liquid form, making it easy to apply to the scalp. The solution is typically applied twice a day, directly to the affected areas of the scalp using a dropper or spray applicator. This convenient application method allows users to incorporate minoxidil into their daily routine without significant inconvenience.

3. Non-Invasive Treatment

Minoxidil solution is a non-invasive treatment option for hair loss. Unlike surgical hair restoration procedures, such as hair transplants, minoxidil does not require any incisions or invasive techniques. This aspect of the treatment makes it a favourable choice for individuals who prefer non-surgical approaches to hair restoration.

4. Over-the-Counter Availability

Another advantage of minoxidil solution is that it is available over-the-counter in many countries. This means that individuals can purchase minoxidil without a prescription, making it easily accessible for those seeking a hair loss treatment. However, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional before starting any new medication.

5. Versatile Use

Minoxidil solution can be used by both men and women experiencing hair loss. It is effective in treating various forms of hair loss, including male and female pattern baldness. This versatility makes it a suitable option for individuals regardless of their gender or the underlying cause of their hair loss.

6. Minimal Side Effects

Minoxidil solution generally has minimal side effects when used as directed. The most common side effects include scalp irritation, itching, and dryness. These side effects are typically mild and temporary.

7. Complementary Treatment

Minoxidil solution can be used along with other hair loss treatments, such as oral medications or laser therapy. Combining minoxidil with complementary treatments may provide enhanced results and improve the overall effectiveness of hair regrowth efforts.





DHT effects


Types of Minoxidil: Which is the best?

Minoxidil is available in two primary forms: liquid and foam. Both types have their own set of characteristics, pros, and cons. Here's a breakdown of each type:

Liquid Minoxidil


Liquid minoxidil is a solution that typically comes in a bottle with a dropper or applicator. It is a clear or slightly yellowish liquid that is applied directly to the scalp.


Ease of Application: Liquid minoxidil allows for precise application to the affected areas of the scalp using the dropper or applicator. This can be beneficial for individuals who want to target specific areas of hair loss.

Wide Availability: Liquid minoxidil has been available for a longer time and is more widely available in various brands and formulations.

Cost-Effective: Liquid minoxidil tends to be more affordable compared to the foam version, making it a cost-effective option for long-term use.


Longer Drying Time: Liquid minoxidil may take longer to dry on the scalp, which can be inconvenient for some users. It may require extra time before styling the hair or going to bed to avoid transferring the liquid onto pillows or other surfaces.

Potential Scalp Irritation: Some individuals may experience scalp irritation or dryness when using liquid minoxidil due to the alcohol content present in the solution. This is more common in individuals with sensitive skin.

Foam Minoxidil


Foam minoxidil is a foam formulation that comes in an aerosol can. It transforms from a liquid into a foam upon dispensing and can be applied directly to the scalp.


Quick Drying: Foam minoxidil dries relatively quickly compared to the liquid version. It is lightweight and doesn't leave a greasy or sticky residue on the scalp, allowing for easier and quicker styling of the hair.

Reduced Scalp Irritation: Foam minoxidil is often formulated with less alcohol content than the liquid version, which can result in fewer instances of scalp irritation or dryness.

Less Messy: The foam consistency of minoxidil makes it less messy to apply and reduces the likelihood of product dripping or running down the face or neck.


Limited Availability: Foam minoxidil may have a slightly limited availability compared to the liquid version, as it is a relatively newer formulation. However, it is becoming more widely accessible as its popularity grows.

Higher Cost: Foam minoxidil is typically priced higher than liquid minoxidil due to its formulation and manufacturing process. This can make it a more expensive option for long-term use.

Minoxidil Dosage for Men and Women

The recommended dosage of minoxidil may vary depending on the specific product and formulation. However, the general guidelines for minoxidil use are as follows:

Men: For men experiencing hair loss, the typical dosage of minoxidil is 5% solution or foam. It is usually applied twice daily, with each application consisting of 1 millilitre (ml) of the solution or half a capful of the foam. It is important to follow the instructions provided by the specific product and consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice.

Women: Women typically use a lower concentration of minoxidil, usually 2% solution or foam. The recommended dosage is also twice daily, applying 1 ml of the solution or half a capful of the foam to the affected areas of the scalp. As with men, it is crucial to consult with a healthcare professional or dermatologist for individualised recommendations.

Potential Drug Interactions with Minoxidil

Minoxidil is generally well-tolerated and has minimal systemic absorption when applied topically. However, it is still important to be aware of potential drug interactions. Here are some medications that may interact with minoxidil:

  1. Topical Medications: Minoxidil should not be used in combination with other topical medications applied to the scalp, as they may interfere with its absorption or efficacy. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional before using additional topical treatments alongside minoxidil.
  1. Medications Affecting Blood Pressure: Minoxidil can lower blood pressure, so it is essential to exercise caution when using it concurrently with medications that also lower blood pressure. Examples include antihypertensive medications like beta-blockers or calcium channel blockers. Close monitoring of blood pressure is advisable in such cases.
  1. Other Vasodilators: Concurrent use of other vasodilators, which widen blood vessels, may enhance the hypotensive (blood pressure-lowering) effects of minoxidil. This includes medications such as hydralazine or nitroglycerin. Careful monitoring is recommended when using multiple vasodilatory medications.

It is crucial to inform your healthcare professional about all medications, including over-the-counter drugs and supplements, that you are currently taking to minimize the risk of potential interactions.Hair follicles

Who should not use Minoxidil?

No, serious minoxidil side effects risk are higher in people who should not be using minoxidil solution. Minoxidil for hair growth is not recommended for people with hypertension, heart diseases, palpitations, pregnant and breastfeeding women and anyone with a history of allergy to minoxidil. In fact, there is a handy test to check if you are allergic to any topical solution. Take 1 ml of the solution and apply it to the back of your neck and wait for 24 hours. If you have a reaction you are allergic and should look for alternates, if not then you are good to go. 

While minoxidil is generally safe and well-tolerated, there are certain individuals who should avoid or use minoxidil with caution:

  1. Allergy or Sensitivity: Individuals who have a known allergy or sensitivity to minoxidil or any of its components should avoid using minoxidil.
  1. Scalp Abnormalities or Irritation: Minoxidil should not be used on a scalp with open wounds, sunburns, or any other scalp abnormalities. It is essential to have a healthy scalp before starting minoxidil treatment.
  2. Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: The safety of minoxidil during pregnancy and breastfeeding has not been well established. It is generally recommended to avoid using minoxidil during these periods, although it is best to consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice.minoxidil shedding



Hair Shedding Due To Minoxidil

One common occurrence when using minoxidil is an initial increase in hair shedding. This shedding is temporary and typically occurs within the first few weeks of treatment. It is known as "minoxidil-induced shedding" and is considered a positive sign as it often precedes hair regrowth.

Minoxidil-induced shedding happens because minoxidil stimulates hair follicles to transition from the resting phase (telogen) to the growth phase (anagen). As new hair follicles enter the growth phase, older hairs that were already in the shedding phase may be pushed out, resulting in increased hair shedding initially. However, this shedding is usually followed by the growth of thicker, fuller hair.

It is important to note that if excessive shedding or hair loss continues beyond the initial phase or if you have concerns about the shedding, it is recommended to consult with a healthcare professional or dermatologist for further evaluation and guidance.

Hair loss treatment


How Long Should You Use Minoxidil?

Minoxidil is a long-term treatment for hair loss, and its benefits are typically seen with continued use. The recommended duration of minoxidil use varies among individuals and may depend on factors such as the extent of hair loss, response to treatment, and personal goals. In general, it is advisable to use minoxidil consistently for at least 4 to 6 months before assessing its effectiveness. However, for optimal results, many individuals continue to use minoxidil for an extended period, often years, to maintain the benefits.

What Happens When You Stop Using Minoxidil?

Androgenic alopecia or male/female pattern baldness is not a curable condition. It is a manageable condition. It means you can prevent baldness by taking control of your hair loss condition at the right time. Some people are okay to use minoxidil for a long time and why not? It has been deemed safe for long term use by doctors after years of research. But if you are someone who wants to stop using minoxidilfor hair and are worried about minoxidil side effects after stopping its use. You should read on. 

  • Minoxidil solution for hair should not be stopped abruptly. You need to reduce the frequency of application slowly if you want to stop using it 
  • You should consider replacing it with an alternative like redensyl, procapil or capixyl. 
  • You should be prepared to use it again in case hair loss increases due to other triggers 
  • You should commit to healthier diet and lifestyle choices in the long term 

How To Apply Minoxidil on Hair?

Here's a general guide on how to apply minoxidil:

  • Ensure your scalp is clean and dry before applying minoxidil.
  • If using liquid minoxidil, use the dropper or spray applicator to apply 1 ml (or as directed) directly onto the affected areas of the scalp. If using foam minoxidil, dispense half a capful of foam onto your fingers and then apply it to the affected areas.
  • Gently massage the minoxidil solution or foam into the scalp to ensure even distribution and absorption.
  • Allow the minoxidil to dry completely before styling your hair or going to bed to prevent transfer onto pillows or other surfaces.
  • Wash your hands thoroughly after applying minoxidil to avoid unintentional contact with other areas of the body.

Can Minoxidil Help Grow New Hair?

Yes, minoxidil has been shown to help regrow hair. Minoxidil works by stimulating hair follicles, prolonging the anagen (growth) phase of the hair cycle, and increasing blood flow to the scalp. This can lead to the regrowth of thicker, fuller hair in areas affected by androgenic alopecia (male and female pattern baldness). However, it is important to note that the degree of hair regrowth can vary among individuals, and results may take several months of consistent use to become noticeable. 

Best Minoxidil Product In India

Traya is known for offering one of the best minoxidil serums in India. Our carefully formulated minoxidil serums, with a 5% concentration for men and 2% concentration for women, cater to individual needs effectively. We prioritize quality and customer satisfaction. The minoxidil serum stimulates hair follicles, promoting the regrowth of thicker, fuller hair. 


Minoxidil is FDA approved, safe to use and is effective in treating androgenic alopecia when used as part of a complete treatment. But make sure you use it with a doctor prescription and in the correct dosage. If you want more information about your hair loss condition and minoxidil side effects then take the hair test with Traya today. 


Can minoxidil regrow hair?

Yes, minoxidil can help regrow hair for many individuals by stimulating hair follicles and promoting hair growth. 

Can minoxidil treat pattern hair loss?

Yes, minoxidil is commonly used to treat pattern hair loss, also known as androgenic alopecia, in both men and women. 

Is it safe to use minoxidil?

When used as directed, minoxidil is generally considered safe. However, some individuals may experience scalp irritation or other side effects. It is important to follow the instructions and consult with a healthcare professional if any concerns arise. 

Can I stop minoxidil after 1 month?

Minoxidil should be used consistently for an extended period to see optimal results. It is not recommended to stop using minoxidil after just one month, as hair regrowth may take several months to become noticeable. 

Can women use minoxidil for hair growth?

Yes, women can use minoxidil for hair growth. There are specific formulations available with a lower concentration of minoxidil (2%) that are recommended for women. It is advisable to consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice and guidance. 

References [Microneedling with 5% minoxidil helps treat androgenetic alopecia]


Better results were obtained with a combination of topical minoxidil with finasteride than with plain topical minoxidil. -


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