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Hair Fall Treatment For Different Types Of Hair Loss

Hair Fall Treatment For Different Types Of Hair Loss

Hair fall or hair loss in medical terminology is known as alopecia. It can affect just your head or your entire body and can be temporary or permanent. It is considered normal to lose about 50-100 hairs a day. With about 100,000 hair on your scalp, this hair loss is not significant or noticeable. Anything beyond this is termed as hair fall or hair loss. So, what are these types of hair loss ?

Normally, lost hair is replaced by new hair. But this may not always be the case and that is how alopecia develops gradually over time or sometimes abruptly. It is not practical to count the amount of hair lost every day. When you notice a large amount of hair in the drain after shampooing or in your brush on combing or patches of thinning or baldness, is when you know that you have hair fall. If you are losing more hair than usual, you must consult your doctor and take appropriate measures to rectify it.

What causes hair fall or alopecia?

For anyone having hair fall, determining the underlying cause is most important for hair fall treatment. There are a number of reasons for hair loss like family history of baldness, hormones, illnesses, surgeries, trauma or stress, certain medications and hair styling products or treatments. In some cases, the hair loss is temporary and reversible and may not even require treatment; whereas in some cases it can be permanent and may require treatment. Let’s understand these reasons for hair loss a little bit more.

  • Hormonal changes – like pregnancy, childbirth, menopause, discontinuing the use of birth control pills all cause temporary hair loss.
  • Medical conditions – like thyroid disorders, PCOS, auto immune disorders, scalp infections like ringworm cause hair fall. Hair fall post any acute illness like dengue fever, Covid19, typhoid or malaria is also one of the common reasons for hair loss.

  • Trauma –Physical trauma like surgery, accident, high fever or sudden weight loss and may trigger hair fall. Emotional trauma or stress is also one of the major reasons for hair loss.
  • Trichotillomania - or hair pulling disorder where there is a need to pull out hair from the head, eyebrow or eyelashes is one of the reasons for hair loss.
  • Traction hair loss – due to hairstyle that puts pressure on the hair follicles by pulling the hair back very tightly.
  • Nutritional deficiencies – diet lacking in protein, iron, and other nutrients can lead to hair fall and is one of the most common reasons for hair loss.
  • Overstyling - that cause heat damage to the hair follicles and products which have too many harmful chemicals is another of the major reasons for hair loss.

Also see: Stress Hair Fall Combo 

Here are some of the types of hair loss:

Let’s learn a little bit about the different types of hair loss or alopecia: 

  • Male pattern hair loss: this can begin any time after puberty and gradually progress with time. This is believed to be hereditary and due to the presence of a hormone that acts on the hair follicles causing a receding hairline and hair thinning.
  • Female pattern hair loss: this is also known as androgenetic alopecia in females. It is mainly due to hormonal problems and women experience hair fall and hair thinning post-menopause. It rarely causes complete baldness.
  • Telogen Effluvium: This type of hair loss usually occurs when a large number of hair follicles enter the resting phase (telogen) of the growth cycle, but the next growth phase doesn’t begin. This causes hair fall without new hair growth. Generally, this occurs after acute illness, childbirth, surgeries, or due to thyroid problems, use of certain medications or nutritional deficiencies. It usually is temporary and easily rectified or sometimes may become chronic and require treatment.


  • Anagen Effluvium: This is rapid hair loss due to medical treatment like chemotherapy. These potent drugs, as a side effect, cause damage or shut down of hair follicles on the scalp and other parts of the body. After the chemotherapy is over, hair usually grows back on its own. 
  • Tinea Capitis: Also called scalp ringworm and is one of the common reasons for hair loss in children. This fungal infection of the scalp causes hair to fall out in circular patches and may also cause itching and redness of the scalp.
  • Alopecia Areata: An autoimmune condition, where the body’s immune system attacks healthy tissues, including the hair follicles. This causes hair to fall out and prevents new hair from growing. Alopecia areata can affect adults or children and can begin suddenly without any warning signs. Hair loss from the scalp is typically in patches and painless in Alopecia Areata. Hair fall can also occur from other parts of the body including eyebrows and eyelashes (alopecia universalis), beard (alopecia barbae) etc. Alopecia totalis is when all the hair from the scalp falls out.  

  • Scarring Alopecia: This is a group of conditions that destroy the hair follicles due to inflammation and replace it with scar tissue, causing permanent hair loss. In Central Centrifugal Cicatrical Alopecia hair loss starts in the center of the scalp and slowly spreads outwards. 
  • Traction Alopecia: Some hairstyles like tight ponytails or braids pull hair in the same direction away from the scalp with force for a long period of time and lead to damage of hair follicles. Traction alopecia leads to thinning of hair or bald spots, but can be reversed once the hair style is changed.
  • Trichotillomania: A psychological condition in which a person cannot stop pulling out their hair and this leads to hair loss or baldness. They commonly pull out hair from the scalp, eyebrows and eyelashes.

Is there anything we can do about hair fall?

Depending on the types of hair loss you are suffering from, there are a number of hair fall treatment options available. Many temporary reasons for hair loss do not require hair fall treatment and are reversible on its own, for example, in traction alopecia, changing the hairstyle helps the hair grow back in those areas.

Hair fall due to medical conditions like thyroid or PCOS can be reversed by addressing the underlying disorders. Hormonal changes like puberty, pregnancy, and childbirth are temporary phases of hair loss. After a certain period of time, the hair begins to grow back once the hormones stabilize. Hair fall due to nutritional deficiencies can be corrected by taking care of your diet and supplementing with the necessary vitamins. 

Hair fall treatment for other severe cases of hair loss or alopecia areata is also available in the form of medications and surgery. Some of the commonly used medications for different types of hair loss or alopecia are:

Minoxidil: Topical minoxidil, available as foam or liquid to be directly applied to the scalp, stops hair from thinning and stimulates new hair growth. This drug is a hair fall treatment option for androgenetic alopecia, alopecia areata, telogen effluvium, anagen effluvium and some cases of scarring alopecia. It takes 2-6 months to notice hair thickening and initially there may also be some increased hair loss.

Also Read: Minoxidil Benefits & Side Effects

Finasteride: Since Oral finasteride shows side effects, topical finasteride is prescribed for male pattern hair loss or androgenetic alopecia. It helps slow the rate of hair loss and stimulates new hair growth by inhibiting the body’s production of a hormone that destroys hair follicles.

Antiandrogens: They inhibit androgen, a sex hormone that destroys hair follicles, may help stop hair loss in female pattern alopecia. Antiandrogen medications are available by prescription only and include spironolactone and oral contraceptives, or birth control pills that contain estrogen. Side effects include irregular menses and drowsiness.

Corticosteroids: Hair loss caused by an autoimmune disease require oral, topical or injectable steroids but these are harmful to the body.

Antifungals: This hair fall treatment option is used when the cause of hair loss is scalp ringworm or tinea capitis.

Based on the diagnosis and cause of your hair fall, your hair fall treatment medications should be decided by your doctor.

Take the free hair diagnosis to learn about your hair fall condition

Hair transplant surgery, scalp reduction, scalp exfoliation, flaps, and laser are also available. These options for hair fall treatment are expensive and sometimes require combination therapy with medication. Take the advice of your doctor on what is the best option for you.

Another option for hair fall treatment is making sure you correct your nutritional deficiencies by having a wholesome, well-balanced diet. Simple home remedies using basic, inexpensive kitchen ingredients and making it a part of your hair care routine is also a hair fall treatment option.  Some commonly used home remedies are egg mask, lemon juice, yogurt for hair, rice water and amla hair packs.

Hair loss after acute diseases: 

Telogen effluvium is when some stress causes hair roots to be pushed prematurely into the resting state. Telogen effluvium can be acute or chronic. If there is some "shock to the system", as many as 70% of the scalp hairs fall out in large numbers about 2 months after the "shock". This sudden increase in hair loss is usually noticed as the hair fall out in handfuls, especially when combing or shampooing. 

One of the major causes of telogen effluvim kind of hair loss is acute illnesses like malaria, dengue, typhoid, other viral fevers and the most recent one being COVID 19.  Usually, diffuse hair loss in clumps is seen for a few weeks to months after these acute illnesses. Slowly, the shedding of hair decreases over 6-8 months as the cause is no longer present. A well balanced, nutritious diet is the key to resolve telogen effluvium hair loss.

Some common myths related to hair loss: 

Let’s debunk some common myths related to hair fall

Masturbation leads to hair fall –This myth is based on the assumption that semen contains protein and therefore loss of that leads to hair fall. However, the amount of protein lost in one ejaculation is not the cause of hair loss.

Hair fall after vaccination – routine immunizations do not cause hair fall.

Wearing a hat or cap leads to hair loss – wearing a hat or a cap does not cause hair loss unless it is too tight or not washed and you wear it all the time. That could lead to traction alopecia or scalp infections.

Many other myths like direct sunshine is bad for your hair, everyone goes bald by 50 or cutting your hair makes it grow faster are not evidence based.


Hair fall solutions by Traya:

Traya is a one stop solution to all your hair problems. Starting from personalized consultations, to the right set of Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines for you and a customized diet plan to help your hair care, Traya does it all.

Traya offers a range of hair care products. Getting down to the root cause of your hair loss is Traya’s strength. One of the major reasons hair loss goes undetected is because of the assumption that it is a phase or temporary and will get better over time. What will really help, is to understand what is causing your hair loss and how to get the best treatment for it. So start your hair fall treatment with Traya now!


Hair loss can be of many types and can have various causes. The good news is that there are a number of treatment options available these days for hair loss. Consulting your doctor and making the right decision will get you that healthy and beautiful hair that you want to flaunt. Take the free hair test today.


How do I know what type of hair loss I have?

This is best assessed by your doctor/ dermatologist/ trichologist. Also, you can take the diagnosis test offered by Traya where the doctors will diagnose your hair fall for you.

What type of hair loss is permanent?

Hair loss due to hereditary or male or female pattern baldness is usually permanent.

Can hair grow back again after hair loss?

This is possible in cases like pattern hair loss stages 1-5,  telogen effluvium where the cause of hair fall is temporary like any acute illness or in traction alopecia where the hairstyle can be changed.

How can I reactivate my hair follicles?

Hair follicles can be reactivated using minoxidil or by natural home remedies.

What should I eat for thick hair?

A well balanced complete diet which contains all food groups and all the essential vitamins and minerals is important for thick hair.


Dr. Moyna Vakil, B.H.M.S

Nutrionist & Dietetician

Translating her love for healthy and delicious food into a professional career. With a degree in Nutrition & Dietetics, Dr. Moyna truly believes that eating healthy is the perfect recipe for a lifetime of wellness.


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